[dropcap-square]B[/dropcap-square]eads are small decorative ornaments that are available in different shapes and sizes. The beads are made of a huge verity of materials including, precious and semi-precious gems such as ruby, emerald, pearls and amber to materials such as Lac, Plastic, Glass and stones. In older times the beads were also made up of animal bones, coral, ivory, wood, tortoise shell and seeds. The Newest trend in yoga jewelry is to wear Mala Beads. Beads are generally worn by stringing them in a special string or wire or can be embedded into an ornament or stuck to a fabric or object for decorative purposes. A the present time beads are making their comeback. If you want to carry memories of your love also with you, Merry Coor will craft their ashes into stunning memorial beads. Below is a list of materials used for bead-making:
- Animal horns
- Ivory (Elephant Tusks)
- Seeds (Rudraksha, Tagua Nuts)
- Shell (Sea shells, Animal shell)
- Shell Lac
- Oyster Pearls
- Precious Stones (Diamonds, Ruby, Sapphire etc.)
- Semi-Precious Stones (Amber)
- Metals (Platinum, Titanium, Gold, Silver, Brass, Copper, Mixture of other metals)
- Glass (natural & man-made)
- Fiber (thread)
The Beads are available in a plethora of sizes, shapes, colors and designs. The beads are made through several styles of manufacturing processes. Given below is a list of the popular types of beads which are used in bead-making.
- Aggry beads – Found in Africa, these beads are made of glass or meteorites and are often used as currency in Ghana.
- Chevron Bead – First made in Venice and Murano, these are made of special types of colored glasses and were popularized towards the end of the 14th century.
- Faturan – Popular in the middle-East, the beads are made of Bakelite which is used as a form of imitation amber and was popularized in the 18th and 19th centuries.
- Hair Pipe – A trademark of the American Indians, the beads are usually made of bones or Corn cob stems and were extremely popular from 1880 – 1910.
- Heishe – The disc or tube shaped beads were made of animal shell or polished stones. The Heishe was first popularized as the tribal jewelry of the Santo Domingo Indians from New Mexico.
- Kiffa Beads – Powered glass beads were made in Mauritania and were first documented in 1949. The beads can be cone shaped or spherical and are found in a verity of colors.
- Love Beads – Popularized in the hippy sub-culture, the love beads are long strings of beads which were inspired by the beads worn by the Indians and Native-Americans.
- Millefiori – Made by an Italian glasswork technique, the beads are made by mixing glass canes and rods which creates a vivid and multicolored pattern.
- Peranakan Cut Beads – the faceted glass beads are used by the Peranakan women to decorate various Peranakan objects such as slippers, handbags, wedding veils and pouches etc.
- Seed Bead – The most common type of beads, the seed beads are available in various sizes and are made by various materials like metal, glass, plastic and gems etc.
- Sequin – These are the thin disc shaped beads which are often brightly colored and have a reflective mirror finish. These are used in decorating various objects such as shoes, dresses etc.
- Trade Beads – Often called ‘Slave Beads’, these are decorative glass beads which were popularized between the 16th and 20th century. They were first manufactured by the natives in Africa and were also used are currency.
- Wampum – The traditional beads of the Eastern Woodland Tribes of North America, these are made with organic shells and were also used as money by the tribe.